Born of Scottish parents in Detroit, Michigan, USA in 1928. The family returned to Scotland when he was four years of age.
Educated in Edinburgh at Broughton Secondary School. Worked as an apprentice commercial artist with McLagan & Cumming, colour printers, from 1945-1947.
Studied Drawing and Painting at Edinburgh College of Art 1947-1951 under Gillies, MacTaggart, Philipson and others. His contemporaries included David McClure, Elizabeth Blackadder, John Houston and David Michie.
Awarded a Post-Graduate Scholarship in 1951, and a Travelling Scholarship, which took him to Paris, in 1952.
Taught for ten years in Fife and for twenty five years in Edinburgh at Firrhill High School, where he was Principal Teacher of Art. Retired in 1989.
Regular exhibitor with the Royal Scottish Academy from 1960 to 1997.
Paintings and drawings in many private collections in the UK, France and the USA.
Harbour, Mousehole, oil on canvas, 50cm x 70cm